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Philosophy essays and research papers are some of the most common homework assignments for a philosophy class. If you find yourself pressed in time and seek professional assistance for philosophy essay writing, you are in the right place. Our team includes writers who are proficient in the subject of philosophy. You can contact us or make an order with your personal philosophy writer right away.
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- Are well researched: based on academic and scholarly sources and primary work of philosophers
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- Demonstrate the understanding of major schools of philosophy and knowledge of primary sources and works
- Present logical, valid and sound arguments supporting the thesis
- Are simple, clear and well-structured
- Are properly referenced according to the formats of your choice: APA, MLA, Harvard, Chicago, etc.
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- Contain correct format citations to all used sources
- Have correct spelling, extensive vocabulary, proper grammar and written according to the academic style
- Are written by philosophers!
What is philosophy
To find out what a good philosophy paper needs to have, you need to have an idea about philosophy.
Philosophy is the domain of human inquiry that tries to provide answers to fundamental problems of humans that concern existence, knowledge, God, values, reason, nature of mind, and the process of language.
Some of the questions that philosophy tries to answer are: Is there God? What is knowledge? Can we know anything objectively? How do we acquire knowledge? What is the mind? What is consciousness? Can one perceive consciousness and what is the difference between the conscious and unconscious being? Can machines acquire consciousness? Is there free will? Are we free in our decisions, choices, and behavior? What is personal identity and how is it developed? What values create meaning in one’s life and how best we can find the fulfillment of our potential?
What is the use of studying philosophy?
By reading this list of questions, you might think that philosophy is a quite impractical subject, that philosophers spend their time pondering over questions that cannot be answered or do not require any answers. By even today philosophy can supply valuable input in the current problems such as the ones of artificial intelligence and the consequences of developing thinking and self-correcting machines.
Moreover, philosophy teaches you how to think. Usually, courses of philosophy are tied with the study of formal logic, the principles of building and analyzing arguments. Since most of the questions that philosophy is concerned with do not have clear-cut answers based on the evidence or experiments, the one way of seeking the answers is via reasoning and arguments. Therefore, in the quest to find the solutions to life’s persistent problems, one needs to learn first how to construct proper arguments that would be valid, sound and have potential convincingness to the reasonable agnostic. One also needs to learn to analyze other people’s arguments according to the criteria of soundness, validity and potential convincingness.
So, one way to study philosophy is to immerse oneself into the eternal questions of life, mind, and reason and to try to provide your own answers backed by arguments. You can also make use of some arguments concerning your topic that have already been voiced by other philosophers, and see if you are convinced by any of these arguments if you can elaborate or refute them. This process will teach you to think in a structural and logical way, analyze information based on its coherency and validity. All these skills will add to your toolbox of analytical thinking. By trying to come up with your own arguments, you will learn to combine creativity with logical analysis and voice your positions in an organized and straightforward way. Depending on what questions you try to answer, you may be exploring sub-fields of philosophy such as epistemology (concerned with the nature of knowledge), metaphysics (concerned with the essence of reality and being), ethics (concerned with values), aesthetics (concerned with beauty), political philosophy (concerning with governing social processes), logic (involved with the process of thinking and analyzing information), and philosophy of science.
Another way to study philosophy is by studying particular philosophical systems and reading works of philosophers, from the great thinkers of antiquity and up to the present days. You might think at first that this is a tedious task – to read Aristotle or Epictetus, but just give it a try, and you might be amazed by the depth of thinking and analysis displayed by people living 2500 years ago. The study of ancient philosophers will teach you that there any many ways to approach one’s life, many ways to define one’s values and goals, and you will be able to apply analytical skills from formal logic to evaluate arguments of ancient philosophers. You will also learn that ancient philosophy was the most important science. In fact, it was a science of everything. Astronomy, mathematics, geometry, physics, medicine, linguistics, economics, politics, psychology – all these sciences take root in ancient philosophy. In ancient Greece, it was philosophers who studied the world and life in its entirety: they investigated the nature of language, the physical world around, the harmony of numbers, the stars. All these disciplines branched out from philosophy. So ancient philosopher was a person interested in the entirety of life. He did not specialize in physics or astrology only. Psychology, math, languages, logic, stars – all were part of the world that the philosopher wanted to explore and understand. So he would employ different approaches and techniques to study this world. An ancient philosopher was a person who could think logically, express their thoughts and argue reasonably thanks to the art of rhetoric, who would explore the world empirically, who would create new theories, methodologies, and ways of looking at the old problems of our human existence. Even just understanding such scope of activity should be inspiring to you. The study of ancient philosophy reveals a culture that dedicates a substantial part of its resources to the discovery of the world and understanding ourselves. This was a culture that encourages continuous development of one’s mind, intellect, body, and spirit.
Philosophical schools of thought
In studying history of philosophy, you will learn about such schools of thought as Peripatetic school, Cynicism, Stoicism, Greek Skepticism and Epicureanism. All these schools belong to Ancient philosophy. Medieval philosophy was dominated by Christianity and was mainly viewed as the aid to Theology. The Renaissance period gave rise to the philosophy of Humanism. The schools of modern philosophy are German idealism, existentialism, utilitarianism, communism, phenomenology, logical positivism, pragmatism, and social constructivism. All these schools of thought do not exist just in the domain of philosophy; they influence methods of study in most of the modern sciences. For instance, you might discover that many approaches in psychology, nursing research studies, anthropology, and other disciplines rely on philosophical premises of existentialism, utilitarianism, or social constructivism. In this way, philosophers provide a framework to look at the world and make assumptions regarding many domains of human life. This use of philosophical approaches by modern science will show you once again that philosophy is not a “useless science.” Even today, it influences and shapes the new methods of many social and natural science disciplines.
Besides these schools of western philosophy, you may also study Middle eastern philosophy which includes Egyptian philosophy, Haskalah, Jewish existentialism, reform Judaism, Zoroastrianism, Islamic philosophy, Indian school philosophies including Vedanta, Samkhya, Yoga, Vaisheshika, Nyaya and Mimansa; Jain philosophy, Buddhist philosophies, Chinese philosophies including Confucianism and Daoism, African philosophies, and indigenous American philosophies.
You will learn about outstanding philosophers, such as Plato, Aristotle, Socrates, Thales of Miletus, Epicurus, Pythagoras, Heraclitus, Parmenides of Elea, Protagoras, Zeno of Citium, Epictetus, Seneca, Marcus Aurelius, Cicero, Avicenna, Al-Farabi, Averroes, Thomas Aquinas, St. Augustine, Anselm, Roger Bacon, Thomas Hobbes, Rene Descartes, Spinoza, Leibniz, Locke, Berkeley, Hume, Kant, Hegel, Kierkegaard, Nietzsche, Karl Marx, and William James, Moses Mendelssohn, Zoroaster, Gautama Buddha, and others.
If all that seems overwhelming to you, do not worry. Personal Writer loves philosophy, and we can help you figure out the most challenging questions. We have writers in our team with a professional background in both Western and Eastern philosophy, and we will help you produce a high-quality and well-researched paper.
Common types of philosophy essays
The most common types of essays assigned in philosophy class are essays about a particular philosopher, his views and works, essays on a specific philosophical system, or essays on classical questions of philosophy, such as nature of reality, God, willpower, and knowledge. You might be assigned assays in the format of:
• personal reflection essay, where you will be asked to reflect on a particular philosophical system or work on a certain philosophical question and provide your personal opinions on the matter;
• critical essay, where you will be asked to present arguments for or against particular philosophical stance, school or question;
• compare and contrast essay, where you may be asked to compare two schools of thought, two philosophers, or two philosophical works and analyze commonalities and differences among them;
• summary/response essay where you will need to summarize a certain article, book, philosophical system, and provide your opinion for or against ideas expressed in the works you are reviewing;
• article critique, where you will need to evaluate main ideas in an assigned article and provide arguments for or against them;
• book review, where you will need to summarize and offer your perspective on a philosophical work;
• analytic essay, where you will need to provide your opinions on the classical questions of philosophy in the form of structured arguments.
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There are also other types of essays that some of the teachers assign for a philosophy class. If you need to write such philosophy essays and don’t know where to start, you can always hire our professional writers to do the research, review your work or even write an essay according to your teacher’s specifications. Personal-Writer has been writing essays and research papers on philosophy for more than ten years. Contact us now for a quote.